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Caslab report

Photo record of this event

Day 1: Monday 1st August 2022 at ICHA

Meeting Between KRCS-ICHA and CasLab


KENYA RED CROSS SOCIETY (referred to as KRCS), is a registered non-political, non-racial, non-religious humanitarian relief organization which was created through an Act of Kenyan Parliament, Cap. 256 of the Laws of Kenya of 21st December 1965. It’s an auxiliary to the national and county government in the humanitarian field with an objective to prevent and alleviate human suffering throughout the territory of Kenya. While the CLIMATE ACTION SDG LABORATORY-CasLab is a Participatory Learning Organization, dedicated to climate change adaption, biodiversity conservation and community livelihood development, as well as documentation of indigenous knowledge and technical innovations related to resource governance at community levels.

The main aim of the meeting was to lay out a framework for collaboration between the two parties to develop, promote and strengthen joint actions and collaboration in community-based programs/projects.

Presentation from Oscar Lino


The core activities for ICHA are to:
• To raise the ICHA Profile through the Publications, Paper series/opinion pieces, Event Host/Co-Host and attended.
• To create new Partnerships through the MoUs /agreements
• Service delivery through the forecast dissemination, Capacity building, Standard operating procedure -SoPs for forecast dissemination and Capacity building of Producers of climate/weather
• Resource mobilization through the Consultancies and creating new Projects.

CASLAB activities in Nairobi during COVID19

By Antonine Sayo

the Leader of Women Climate Action Team in CASLab

“ We should come up with a relief organization, hence calling upon the CasLab Officials and Red Cross to merge and form one that is specifically meant to assist women living in slums
Through the organization, we can establish a pro-poor subsidy that will directly benefit people in the slums.
Efforts such as providing e-food and e-medical vouchers, leveraging on technology and community health workers to reach out to people deep inside the slums, and mobile clinics with essential stockpiles can be strategically positioned in slums to make up for the few health facilities.

These vulnerable groups may not be infected by the virus, but the conditions they find themselves as a result of the indirect consequences of the pandemic require a robust response from us.
We can help reduce the pollution in slums and support the establishment of temporary sanitation facilities.
Given the high rates of people forgoing food, and experiencing a complete or partial loss of income, assistance must be provided so as to avoid a secondary humanitarian crisis.
It is particularly important that assistance gets into the hands of women to help them cope with these challenges”.

Mwai presentation:

“For many generations, the Nganyi community has used indigenous knowledge and skills to predict correctly impending rainfall extremes including floods, droughts and associated famines that have ravaged the area in the past. The community has developed and accumulated skill and knowledge that help them to scan the environment for relevant indicators of rainfall. Nganyi Indigenous Knowledge-IK rainfall prediction is neither mythology nor witchcraft; rather, it is a corpus of ideas that can be studied, understood and protected as a valuable resource. Some of these events have shaped and reinforced the beliefs of the community in the rituals that are performed as integral component of the rainfall prediction process.”

KMD visit

The Partners agree to collaborate in:
I. Improve the capabilities of indigenous people and local communities for sustainable livelihoods and the well-being of human and non-human residents of mountain/forest watersheds.
II. Generate environmentally sound and sociocultural adapted knowledge for managing and conserving natural and cultural resources.
III. Enhance the capacity of committed researchers and development work for interdisciplinary research, facilitation, documentation and dissemination in partnership with indigenous people and local communities.
IV. Offer means and methods for bridging between knowledge systems, political systems and cultures to contribute to a society of intercultural, inter-sectoral and interdisciplinary dialogue and cooperation.

Nairobi National Part

Nairobi National Park is one of the few places in the world where large predators and exotic megafauna live within city limits. It is a beautiful place where people can take safaris before or during their workday in the city. The benefits of wildlife conservancies adjacent to urban areas cannot be overemphasized. The vegetation covers in these conservancies provide many benefits to the adjacent urban centers including air purification, water circulation, and temperature and rainfall modification. The wild-life in these areas create a flourishing tourism ecosystem from which livelihoods are drawn, and socioeconomic activities (including recreation, cultural exchanges, and tourism) thrive

However, urban administrators are often faced with the challenge of striking a balance between conservation and the provision of housing and other services to the residents of the urban centers. The situation is aggravated when the urban centers are not able to meet the ever-increasing demand for employment, affordable housing as well as adequate infrastructure for their residents. Being one of the only parks in the world adjacent to a major urban area, Nairobi National Park (NNP) is particularly susceptible to the impacts of rapid population growth and a changing climate over the Nairobi metropolis.

On the second day the team paid a courtesy call to Kenya Meteorological Department, where they were received by Mwai Zacharia Assistant director of Meteorological Services. They were taken to a tour of the department starting with HydroMet Section and shown how the flood forecasting and early warning is done, where the current forecasting system (WIMES)water information management ecosystem system, ifs fully automated. The rainfall data is collected from 23 Automatic weather systems (AWS), and the water levels are collected by 10 River gauging Stations (RGS) located over the Nzoia Basin.
The system runs the GR4J model to predict the stream flow and water levels by ingesting Rainfall forecast data from WRF and the observed rainfall data plus water levels. The team then proceeded to National Meteorological Centre (NMC) where the daily forecasts are done. They had a brief overview of the forecasting process by Caroline Amukono. Then they were welcomed at the Studio, where they were taken through how the studio operates from receiving all the forecasts and they package them according to various users and then disseminate them through the social media, emails and also updating the same on KMD website. They were also introduced to how the tv production is done though, this has not been happening for some time, on of the team members Xiaohan had the opportunity to do a live production which was very encouraging.

Later in the day and Due to time constraint, the team ended their tour of KMD and set out for Lunch at a Taiwan/Chinese Restaurant at Kilimani area in the outskirts of Nairobi.

In the evening the team proceeded to Wilson Airport where there were to board their flight to Kisumu at around 6 pm using Safari link.

The team Arrived in Kisumu around 6.50pm and was received by Mr. Owen who took them to their various hotels, though they had to switch the hotels as they found the services wanting and settled for Acacia Premier Hotel and Mirukas Hotel.


lions club of kisumu equator

The Equator is the most important line of latitude. It is the middle latitude and is marked 0º. It divides the earth into the Northern and Southern hemisphere. In Kenya, the Equator passes through Timboroa, Nanyuki and Maseno.

On the third day, the team woke up early and were ready for the day’s activities, they took about 40 minutes from Kisumu to Luanda, where they found the hosts waiting Nganyi Social Hall.

The team was welcomed by Mr. Bousted Mukolwe who is in charge of the Nganyi Meteorological Station.

Song and dance roared in the air as the hosts were excited to receive the CASLAB team, once settled in the hall there were brief introductions from the CASLAB team and also the hosts.

Then as usual the Nganyi community welcomes guests in their own way by flower gallanting wich was done by the women present as they sang traditional songs.

After the flower gallanting, the CAS LAB team informed the hosts of the plans they had for the community whereby they were to choose in order of priority so that they can be supported.

Xiaohan read through the proposals as follows
1. Lightning Protection Systems in schools (community project)
2. Nganyi Youth Poultry/ Rabbit’s Farming Association
3. Women projects: Banana fiber mat making and Poultry rearing
4. Waste Paper/Plastic Recycle:
5. Indigenous Weather Forecasting:
6. Rain Water Harvesting:
7. Fencing of the shrines due to public encroachment.

After discussions voting was done and the Fencing of the shrine took the highest priority as agreed by the Nganyi community. Then afterwards the community through their spokesman informed the team that if they could be able to get finances and set a Hotel at Esibila hills which was government land it could give them a source of income, as they would make sure those who visit the shrines and the centre are hosted at the hotel serving traditional food from the Nganyi community.




Though this project requires a lot of resources, Madam Li Jia promised she can look for partners who would invest in the same.
In the Afternoon the CASLAB team visited the shrines (Xiaohan can write on this and her fas hand experience.)

Below is a summary of the very noble deliberations and designated recommendations of our partnership.

Indigenous Weather Forecasting:

Climate Related Projects At The Nganyi Community Based Organizations

Indigenous Weather Forecasting:

This is the most renown project at the Nganyi CBO. For more than 200 years the Nganyi community has very accurately predicted the weather patterns which have been very useful to the communities around western Kenya in planning. The project has shrines which need to be protected. The shrines have some very unique herbs and animals and insects that play a key role in the forecasting of weather. These shrines are endangered since they are no longer protected and people coming to fetch firewood and graze animals end up destroying the important herbs. The Nganyi community are well known for their accurate weather predictions using natural resources (Flora and Fauna) hence add a lot of value on dealing with the climate change challenges

The shrines looked neglected and very open to the public. A lot of activities seemed to be taking place inside the shrines e.g., cattle grazing, collecting of fire wood etc. Some neighbors were encroaching into the land belonging to the shrines and were making path ways in the land belonging to the shrines. These activities are risky to the sustainability of the shrine since important herbs that assist in forecasting are destroyed.

The shrines need to be ring fenced to secure them and just have a gate for entry to only authorized persons.
A Bill of quantities to be prepared by the Nganyi Community based Organization and forwarded.

Community Radio Station:

Nganyi RANET

Established by the Government in the year 2014, the Nganyi RANET Community Radio has played a big role in ensuring that climate information both from ITK and Scientific is received by the community on time and in a language they understand.

his has made it possible for the community to understand the challenges brought about by climate change, their impacts and how to cope with those challenges.

Though the Government abandoned the project, the community has embraced it because they value the information transmission.

The radio lacked modern equipment that radios require. The staff looked demotivated and disillusioned. The hill on the southern side was hindering reception of the radio on the other side and the short antennae could only cover a radius of 30 KM

Modern equipment including Transmitter, Mixer, Microphones are required. Furniture for the studio could motivate the staff, in addition to financial incentives. Staff also talked of setting up a website that could help capture international audience. A proposal of solar energy installation could be thought of as long-term project.

Rain Water Harvesting:

This is a project that has even aided the county government in policy making. Harvested rain water is usually used during dry spells. Communities around the Nganyi and far come for bench marking at the water harvesting project.

Advantages of rain water harvesting are explained in depth, including importance to control run off


Harvesting installation was done half-harzadly and most water goes to waste. Some tanks are licking hence not serving the harvesting purpose well. Harvested water is used for irrigation during dry spells.


Thorough repair on the harvesting mechanism and the licking tanks is a priority

Tree Planting:

Every year, the Nganyi CBO plants more than 5,000 trees during rainy season, with most trees being indigenous. The project ensures that 80 plus of the planted trees survive. The CBO has captured most schools around and educate them on importance of tree planting. We are re-afforesting the Nganyi hills as well as replanting trees in the shrines.


Youth groups plant over 5 thousand trees per year. However, the survival of the trees is roughly 70%. Reason for this is lack of motivation to the youth group.


Need to motivate the youth so that they can ensure more planted trees survive.

Renewable Energy Usage:

Use of Solar energy as a clean renewable energy project is one of the projects carried out at the Nganyi CBO. This project has challenges of funding hence the investor who wanted to fund the project ended up experimenting at the CDF building. We are still committed to bringing it back home


The project had not taken off due to lack of funding


If funds are available the project could take off. This is because with renewable energy we can preserve trees by not using firewood.

Project could also save on electricity usage and act as a power back up for Radio Studio

Waste Paper/Plastic Recycle: Weaving Mats; Pottery

Together with school children ladies have a programme of recycling waste plastic materials as a way on conserving the environment School children are taught how to weave shopping baskets, ropes, belts and other useable products using waste plastic materials. We also mold decorations from the same as well us making shopping baskets and flower vessels as well as lamp shades. Ladies also mold pots used for cooking, storage and decorations

Project was doing very well and only lacked market.

To stand planting of Raffia plants which has ready market in China. A small factory could be set up and experts come from China to teach people how to make bags, shoes etc. from Raffia.

Poultry/Rabbits/Pig Farming:

Collectively women and youths have project to rear Chicken, Pigs and Rabbits.


This project lacks proper structures to keep the poultry and animals well. The project also lacks market especially when the birds are ready


The project requires experts to educate the community on modern and best practices. In addition, market should be readily available

Lightning Arresters:

It’s important to note that the area around Nganyi is prone to lightning strikes. In fact this factor was the main concern why the Community Radio was installed so that the community could get early warning and information on lightning strikes.


Since installation of the Radio, dangers associated with lightning have drastically reduced. ITK forecasters have also planted lightning arrester trees in the neighborhood to safeguard lives. However, the lightning arrester tree cannot be planted in schools because it will be vandalized by the school children.


At least five schools to be installed with lightning arresters in order to save lives. Life is very precious and should be safeguarded at all cost.

Motivation of the students

By: The Nganyi Community Based Organization, comprising of Wazee, Ladies and the Youths groups(Women groups)


The team enjoyed a cup of coffee at the airport before saying goodbye to each other.

‘The Nganyi community would like to extend their very sincere gratitude to the CasLab Family for the timely visit that you paid to us. Indeed, we are convinced that this partnership will flourish. We were amazed to meet Madam Li Jia and her daughter Xiaohan in the company of Brother Misiani, Brother Mwai and our beloved beautiful daughter Antonine. As a community we learned so much from the visit and we feel our eyes are now opened. You just made us realize we are sitting on gold. Your love is just overwhelming and we even wished you stayed longer. The school children whom you talked to have changed and are like they want to fly to France. Once more thank you so much our Dear Brothers Mr. Zack Mwai, Mr. Zachary Misiani and our lovely daughter Antonine’